Where did the first sin come from?

Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the Lord God had made” (Genesis 3:1).

The Bible doesn’t begin with the beginning of evil, but its existence. Humanity is created innocent, creation is good and the deceitful serpent is already there.

How did the serpent become deceitful and humans become susceptible to temptation? I don’t know. I believe that angels and humans were created with free will, but that doesn’t explain why good creatures with good hearts experience the imperfect impulse to rebel. Free will is an accurate description of the first created beings, but not a full explanation of why they sinned. Free will is a name for a mystery. 

Here is what I can say: God is sovereign. Nothing happens apart from God’s plan. God causes some things directly and permits others indirectly. The serpent’s desire to deceive the first humans into rebelling against God, and humanity’s succumbing to temptation were all a part of God’s plan of salvation.  Sovereignty is an accurate description of God, but not a full explanation of why the rebellion was a part of God’s plan. It’s the name of a mystery. 

I end where I began: how the very first sin in the universe came about is a mystery to me. I do know that God demonstrates both sovereignty and holiness again and again in the Bible. God is sovereign over all things, including sin, and God is never a sinner.

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God-like Anger

The acts of the flesh are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity and debauchery; idolatry and witchcraft; hatred, discord, jealousy, fits of rage, selfish ambition, dissensions, factions (Galatians 5:19-20)…

Anger is everywhere: We watch it on television, read it in the news, hear it in political commentary, experience it in our minds and our emotions and it comes out in our speech. When the apostle Paul lists sins, he especially identifies out-of-control desires that include anger.

Anger is destructive: It separates friends, breaks marriage covenants and crushes our children. It can take different forms: murderous rages, grumbling and complaining (Numbers 14:2, 11), and in a cold shoulder or silence. At some point, it can poison us all.

Moses Throwing Down the Tablets by Simon Gaon

Anger is blinding: We can’t always see our own anger and its impact on others. Our anger feels like, “I am right” or “I am above you.” Some words of wisdom: “The words of the reckless pierce like swords, but the tongue of the wise brings healing” (Proverbs 12:18). Angry people can be the last to know that they are sinfully angry.

God does get angry (more than three hundred times in the Old Testament), but his anger is not his final word:

“His anger is but for a moment, and his favor is for a lifetime. Weeping may tarry for the night, but joy comes with the morning” (Psalm 30:5).

“Who is a God like you, pardoning iniquity and passing over transgression for the remnant of his inheritance? He does not retain his anger forever, because he delights in steadfast love” (Micah 7:18)

“For my name’s sake I defer my anger; for the sake of my praise I restrain it for you, that I may not cut you off” (Isaiah 48:9).

One way to fight anger is to first ask how our anger reflects God.

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Debates, Factions and the Gospel

John 7:43 (NIV): Thus the people were divided because of Jesus.

I am very interested in politics, and I enjoy political discussions. Sometimes good faith disagreements exist, but I do step on the occasional land mine. Political allegiances are rooted in deeply held convictions and feelings, so sturdy debate can offend sensibilities or even trigger wounds. The power of words are easily misused, especially when it comes to political disagreements.

In John 7:40-42 there was a fierce debate over Jesus.  Some saw him as the Prophet and others saw Jesus as the Messiah. Others rejected both viewpoints, because Jesus came from Galilee and not Bethlehem. These were not good faith differences in theology. Factions had formed, each group deeply suspicious of the other. 

The Pharisees Question Jesus – James Tissot

Political allegiances create division today. Political parties have different ways of seeing the world: one group believes they produce good, while the other side produces evil. When these viewpoints are irreconcilable, the result is usually demagoguery and hostility. In such a climate, debate is unavoidable and fruitless.

John 7:33 (NIV): “I am with you for only a short time, and then I am going to the one who sent me.

In John 7 Jesus stands apart from a divisive debate, but not because the subject wasn’t important (it was about Him!).  Jesus was not one to shy away from debate. In his earthly ministry he publicly confronted error with truth, and hypocrisy with righteousness. In this instance Jesus resists identifying with a particular group, but instead chooses to talk about his relationship to his Father in terms of his mission.  Perhaps he did not want a label or a fruitless debate to distract from the Gospel.

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Our’s and God’s Suffering on Good Friday

Surely he took up our pain and bore our suffering, yet we considered him punished by God, stricken by him, and afflicted (Isaiah 53:4).

Good Friday is good, but it isn’t pretty, Jesus, who was innocent of any crime, was executed in a horrific manner that left him mutilated and disgraced. It’s an image that makes us uncomfortable. Good Friday and the image of Jesus suffering on the cross is also a consolation: a reminder that God didn’t just suffer for us, he suffered with us. 

A crucifix at St. Benedict the African Church

Because he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted (Hebrews 2:18). 

God knows the grief of being betrayed, the injustice of an innocent person being found guilty, the pain of betrayal, the loneliness of suffering alone, being abandoned by everyone. God profoundly knows our pain, because God suffered it in the person of Jesus Christ. 

He humbled himself by becoming obedient to death—even death on a cross! (Philippians 2:8)

This is not empathy. The Cross of Christ is an image of the eternal God, who grieves with the grieving and suffers with the suffering until the day when every tear is wiped from our eyes (Revelation 21:4). Good Friday is a God given opportunity, however uncomfortable, to seek God’s face in our suffering.

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Palm Sunday and a Disappointing God

“Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!” (Matt. 21:9).

The Procession in the Streets of Jerusalem, by James Tissot

Jesus did something strange on Palm Sunday.  He rode a donkey into a city that kills prophets and executes trouble makers. When the residents of Jerusalem saw Jesus approaching, they took off their coats, cut off branches and spread them across Jesus’ path.

The palm branches symbolized high expectations: God had saved his people from foreign enemies many times before, so when this miracle worker and prophet arrived, they expected God to do it again. God will work another miracle, drive away the Roman occupiers and restore God’s holy city of Jerusalem.

The Palm Sunday story goes from expectation to disappointment, from a celebration in Jesus’ honor to his trial and execution. As soon as Jesus turns out to be something other than the savior they expect, their celebration becomes calls for his death.  An expected glorious victory on the battlefield becomes a humiliating death on a cursed cross. God has disillusioned them.

That sounds like a terrible thing for God to do, but what is disillusionment but a removal of an illusion? Wrong expectations about God are replaced with the truth. God does not intend to meet our expectations. God meets our needs. Palm Sunday is not about victory.  It’s a reminder that placing expectations on God based on our wants can lead to disappointment and resentment.

Rather than expect God to heal every pain, God teaches us to grow as we experience it. Rather than find our self worth in accomplishment and applause, we find it in Christ’s sacrificial death. Rather than pour our personal resources into our satisfaction, we imitate Christ’s sacrificial death through sacrificial service.

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Destructive Fear and Anger

“In this world you will have trouble…” John 16:33

These are emotions we experience when we witness a violent event. In far too many places in the world, violence is a constant threat and a daily occurrence. Yesterday, it was on the steps of the nation’s Capitol.  

So what is our reaction to Wednesday’s violence?

Agony in the Garden, El Greco

Fear? Fear of the possibility of violence. Fear that grows into a suspicion of anyone who is different from us. Fear, if left to its own imagination, can distort the way we see others. We can be tempted to avoid engaging with people who are different from us, but instead build walls to protect against anyone that seems to be a danger to us.

Anger? Angry about a mob breaching the Capitol building. Angry towards those who incited violence, or did nothing to prevent it. Such anger can grow in us, and can be turned on anyone who appears like an enemy. And it’s easy to add people to this frightening list. Anger can cause us to create evil caricatures out of people who look or think differently.

Fear and anger, if left unchecked, keep us from loving people. 

Jesus said, “If the world hates you, keep in mind that it hated me first” (John 15:18). Christ experienced fear and hatred, and yet he tells his followers, “Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid” (John 14:27). Later in John’s Gospel he says, “I have told you these things, so that in me you may have peace. In this world you will have trouble. But take heart! I have overcome the world” (John 16:33).

The dark reality we’re witnessing will tempt us to fear and hate. So when we are tempted to fear, remember to “Cast all your anxiety on him because he cares for you.” (1 Peter 5:7) Let’s not allow fear to control our lives! When we are tempted to hate, remember Christ’s radical command to love our enemies.

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Can We Trust Politicians?

Do not put your trust in princes, in human beings, who cannot save.  When their spirit departs, they return to the ground; on that very day their plans come to nothing. Blessed are those whose help is the God of Jacob, whose hope is in the LORD their God.  Psalm 146:3–5

Throughout Scripture we are reminded that God is sovereign over all things, including  political affairs (Daniel 2:21, Romans 13:1-7); not just domestic but international (Acts 17:26-27). God raises up leaders and takes them down. In other words, whatever the election results, God is in control. 

Psalm 146 is especially relevant as the political fervor increases after another election.

Just as the people of Israel were tempted to put their trust in the king’s sons, the next generation of leaders – the “princes” – so we are tempted to place too much hope in presidents, senators and congressional leaders. We are reminded by these verses, however, that human beings by themselves cannot save.  

Throughout history there have been a wide array of political and social leaders in this country and planet. History tells us that politicians can provide leadership that helps ease pain for the suffering, improve order in chaos, bring justice to the marginalized and provide security for the vulnerable. 

Eugène Siberdt – The Prophet Nathan rebukes King David

But even when our politicians walk in integrity, they likely cannot live up to all of our expectations. They do not possess all wisdom, power, and benevolence. Our political leaders will make mistakes, their plans will be frustrated by political opposition, as well as the changing tide of popular opinion. Their hearts will be tempted by pride and the power entrusted to them. Thus the caution in Psalm 146:3: Do not put your trust in princes, but rather, hope in the Lord.”  

God is the “maker of heaven and earth, the sea, and everything in them, who remains faithful forever…upholds the cause of the oppressed…gives food to the hungry… sets prisoners free … gives sight to the blind … lifts up those who are bowed down … loves the righteous … watches over the foreigner … sustains the fatherless and the widow, but frustrates the way of the wicked” (Psalm 146:6-9). 

Centuries before November 3 God established an eternal ruler in the person of Jesus Christ. In Isaiah’s words:

“He will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever (Isaiah 9:6-7).

Stay engaged with politics and be aware of political developments. Be informed with facts, not just political opinion. Pray daily for our elected officials, as they are incurably human. Hold them accountable, as they are charged with great responsibility. But do not be lured into placing too much hope in a political system, by embracing a political agenda that eclipses the Gospel of Jesus Christ.  

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Keyboard or Christ-Centered Courage?

Social media and the internet have given us a newfound courage: keyboard courage. It’s the kind of courage it takes to write a strongly worded social-media post that invites debate and incites emotion. We can say things through our tablets and smartphones that we would never say to a person face to face.

The Judgment of the SanhedrinNikolai Ge

Keyboard courage allows us to draw hard lines, take a stand for our beliefs, turn people off, create barriers, all from the comfort of our homes. We type without thinking through the consequences of those words. 

Keyboard courage requires no indwelling of the spirit – it doesn’t require Christ’s lordship. Keyboard courage is counterfeit courage. Jesus calls His disciples to real courage: 

When you are brought before synagogues, rulers and authorities, do not worry about how you will defend yourselves or what you will say, for the Holy Spirit will teach you at that time what you should say. – Luke 12:11-12

“When you are brought…

Christ centered courage requires vulnerability. Disagreement is easier when can close an app. When listening and learning get hard, we can exit the web browser. Does our courage lead us to listen to and learn from others? Or will we stick to online truth-telling?

“…do not worry about how you will defend yourselves…”

Christ centered courage does not put joy at the mercy of an editorial. Reacting to a talk show host or press conference often leads to turbulent comments.  Anger and defensiveness are signs of anxiety, not of peace. Christ centered courage allows us to speak the truth with confidence and love (Ephesians 4:15).

“…the Holy Spirit will teach you at that time…”

Finally, Christ centered courage is discerning. Jesus’s promise is that the Spirit will teach us “at that time” what to say. God gives us words that fit the occasion (Proverbs 15:23). It takes compassionate listening to discern whether courage requires affirmation of God’s love, a gentle or strong rebuke, a gospel summary, or silence. 

As more and more of our communication takes place online, we face a growing danger of possessing bold keyboards while lacking the courage for face to face listening, learning and prayer. And the world is watching:

“By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.” John 13:35

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Online Arsony

The tongue has the power of life and deathProverbs 18:21

Firefighters are describing conditions out west as a hectic situation on a scale they have not seen before. People are losing their lives, homes and businesses to forest fires.

Our speech, according to James, can be destructive like an uncontrolled fire. Scroll down a social media page and you can easily find the latest fire: emotionally charged political debates, the newest uproars and the biggest controversies. Online debates are becoming increasingly hostile, and we have to take this seriously. The metaphor of arsony is not an exaggeration, as we see in James’ letter:

“Consider what a great forest is set on fire by a small spark. The tongue also is a fire, a world of evil among the parts of the body. It corrupts the whole body, sets the whole course of one’s life on fire, and is itself set on fire by hell” (James 3:5-6).

Nastya Nudnik has inserted a social media symbol into Edward Hopper’s oil painting “Conference at Night.”

James’ teaching is not just a warning, it is also a description of the wounds we experience on social media. How many wounds come from words that “pierce like swords” (Proverbs 12:18)? How many regrets come from words we have said?  Rather than be contentious and harsh, through our speech (spoken and typed) we can clothe ourselves with “compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience.” (Colossians 3:12-13). 

This does not mean we never confront error and contend for God’s truth.  It does mean that our online conversations must “be always full of grace, seasoned with salt, so that you may know how to answer everyone” (Colossians 4:6).

To use a different metaphor, social media gives everyone a platform, and it’s hard to resist the opportunity. What will we do with our microphone (or keyboard)? 

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Does God Go to Church?

“My God, My God, Why Hast Thou Forsaken Me?” – Psalm 22:1, Matthew 27:46

Whenever people gather (in person or online) in Jesus’ name, God is present among them. But in the Bible God reveals his power and glory in god-forsaken places more than he does houses of worship.


My God, my God, Why Hast Thou Forsaken Me? – James Tissot 

A group of gypsies living in the desert become pathetic brick makers for an empire. Their first born males are being killed as a form of population control. God hears their cries, claims them as His people and delivers them from slavery.

Centuries later their offspring are defeated by another mighty empire and held in captivity in Babylon. In Bible times Babylon represents a world alienated from God. In this god-forsaken country God again delivers them from their captors and brings them home.

Centuries later a young teenager becomes pregnant before her marriage ceremony. She is likely shamed by her neighborhood, but she carries the life of God inside of her.

God takes on human flesh and becomes a carpenter in a town so insignificant that it barely makes the history books. This simple peasant travels around the country healing the sick, freeing the demon possessed and preaching good news to the hopeless.

The Romans execute him on cross, crushing the hopes of His followers. After 3 dark days He is raised from the dead.

These are more than stories to be told on Sunday morning. They are the key to understanding where God is to be found – in god forsaken places where there is little or no expectation.


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